The Regional Initiative against the Illegal Exploitation of the Natural Resources (RINR), also known as the Protocol against the Illegal Exploitation of the Natural Resources, was adopted by the ICGLR members at the Lusaka Conference on 15 December 2010. The main aim of the so-called “Lusaka Declaration” is to develop a joint, regional approach to stopping the illegal exploitation of natural resources in the Great Lakes Region.
The RINR approves of six tools to address the governance challenges:
1. The Regional Certification Mechanism
The Certification Mechanism will enable the custody chain tracking of four minerals (cassiterite, wolframite, coltan and gold) to prevent the mining and trading of conflict minerals. An independent mineral chain auditor shall be supervising the mechanism.
2. The Harmonisation of National Legislation
The harmonisation of national laws shall address gaps in the national legislations governing the mineral sector of the Members States.
3. The Regional Database on Mineral Flows
The database shall provide data on the regional production and trade pattern of the four minerals, and build national capacities on data compilation and assessment. This transparent disclosure of information shall contribute to build trust among the Member States.
4. The Formalisation of the Artisanal Mining Sector
The formalisation process shall enable the artisanal mining actors to be registered and be included in the tax systems. The regulations in terms of registration and accounting requirements shall be simplified, the tax system shall be improved, and an infrastructure allowing tracking of the mineral supply chain, the provision of extension services of the tax office and capacity building to the respective ministries and agencies shall be provided.
5. EITI Peer Learning Mechanism
As several ICGLR member states have adopted the Standard of the Extractive Industries Transparency Intiative, the ICGLR provides a suitable forum for a peer learning mechanism. It is envisaged that financial revenues as recorded by EITI are balanced with the physical volumes recorded by the ICGLR Regional Database. EITI shall also include the small scale mining volumes.
6. The Whistle-Blowing Mechanism
The whistle-blowing mechanism shall allow individuals to report information pertaining to illicit mineral activities through secure channels. These channels are: a) a web-based platform; b) by SMS; and c) a hotline.For
For further information on the ICGLR Pact on Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region, visit this page.
For further information about the RINR Six Tools, visit the ICGLR website.