In 2014, the UN Security Council renewed the arms embargo and related sanctions of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). It expressed the necessity that all neighbouring States take effective measures to ensure there is no support within or from their Territories to armed groups operating in eastern DRC.
All internal or external financial, logistical or military support to armed groups active in the region is strongly condemned. Any flow of weapons is illicit under the UN Security Councils arms embargo apart the African Union Regional Task Force activities.
The proliferation and trafficking of arms and violent conflicts in the Great Lakes region of Africa is linked to the illegal exploitation of natural resources. Hence, the UN Security Council strongly encourages the ICGLR and their Member States to fight effectively against the illegal exploitation of natural resources.
The UN Security Council statement
The UN Security Council welcomes the DRC’s efforts to implement the due diligence guidelines on the supply chain of minerals, as recommended by the UN Group of Experts and the OECD. It also welcomes the decision of the Rwandan and DRC’s governments to integrate the ICGLR Regional Certification Mechanism into their national legislation and requests that other Member States follow their example.
The UN Security Council encourages the ICGLR to quickly provide all technical assistance to all Member States regarding the illegal exploitation of natural resources and to fully implement the mineral certification process. It states that armed groups are still controlling many mining sites. Minerals such as tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold, as well as ivory are smuggled from DRC to its neighbouring countries. For instance, the DRC’s gold production from post-conflict and conflict areas are often indistinctly sold on DRC’s market places. The DRC’s gold production then transits to Burundi, Uganda and Tanzania. Therefore, the ICGLR Member States are encouraged to take effective action.
The UN Security Council will review the security situation in the DRC in February 2015, and decide whether the measures adopted in the 2014 Resolution are to be adjusted.
The UN Security Council has taken its decision on basis of the Final Report of the UN Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The 2014 UN Security’s Council Resolution on the Democratic Republic of Congo is related in the UN Security Council’s press release dated from the 30th of January 2014.
Other UN Documents on the Democratic Republic of Congo released by the UN Security Council can be downloaded from this website page.